Background of the GPH and RPMP/RPA/ABB Peace Process
Posted on Tuesday, 14 June, 2011 – 12:43
(as of 31 October 2011)
On February 2, 1996, the Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagawa ng Pilipinas (RPMP) was formed with members of the breakaway Negros Regional Party Committee of the New People’s Army as its initial members. After more than two months, the Revolutionary Proletarian Army (RPA), its military arm, announced its organization in a press conference. The following year, the Metro Manila-based urban guerilla unit Alex Boncayao Brigade (ABB) led by Nilo Dela Cruz joined the RPA. The other leaders of the RPMP/RPA/ABB alliance included Arturo Tabara, his wife Veronica Tabara and Stephen Paduano.
The RPMP/RPA/ABB started engaging the Government of the Philippines (GPH) in peace negotiations in December 1999. A year after, on December 6, 2000, the GPH-RPMP/RPA/ABB Peace Agreement was signed.
Two factions loomed in the RPMP/RPA/ABB Central Committee in 2007. This are the Tabara-Paduano Group (led by Veronica Tabara and Stephen Paduano) and the Nilo Dela Cruz Group. As a result of the leadership conflict, clouts have been established by the two factions. Dela Cruz assumed the support of RPA/ABB in Luzon and Iloilo province while Paduano has the whole membership of RPA/ABB in Negros Occidental. RPA/ABB members in Panay, Mindanao, Aklan and Antique have mixed affiliations.
Currently, the GPH are negotiating with both RPMP/RPA/ABB groups for a closure agreement to include development projects, confidence building measures, disposition of arms and forces and their transformation into a legal, unarmed, socio-economic organization.
They held a founding congress in 1998.
The GPH-RPMP/RPA/ABB 2000 Peace Agreement
Posted on Tuesday, 1 November, 2011 – 16:19
The 2000 Peace Agreement was signed by the GPH and RPMP/RPA/ABB on the basis of mutual interest to pursue the peaceful settlement of the armed conflict under the principle of peace with honor, dignity, and justice for all and to hasten the progress and development of the country.
The Agreement consists of the following components: (1) declaration of cessation of hostilities, (2) release of political prisoners and their assistance through the Reintegration fund, (3) implementation of development projects, (4) policy reforms, and (5) establishment of the Joint Enforcement and Monitoring Committee (JEMC).
In early 2002, a Clarificatory Document was signed in response to the issues raised on the substance and procedural aspects of the 2000 agreement. The JEMC was established to monitor the commitments set forth by the GPH and the RPMP/RPA/ABB Peace Agreement and the general principles embodied under the Clarificatory Document. Two other executive orders were issued in support of the Peace Agreement.
Status of the GPH-RPMP/RPA/ABB 2000 Peace Agreement
Community Needs Assessment (CNA) was done in 117 out of the 147 identified barangays. As of May 2010, development projects under the Kalayaan Barangays Program (KBP) have been implemented in 68 peace barangays.
b. Civil and Political Rights
Out of the 312 APOs/PPs listed for release and reintegration, 51 remain in detention. In May 2010, the Presidential Commission on Bail, Recognizance, and Pardons (PCBReP) Secretariat has endorsed to the President for final approval the release of eight APOs/PPs on conditional pardon. The case of the other 43 APOS/PPs is being evaluated.
c. Cessation of Hostilities and Disposition of Forces
Ceasefire has been generally holding. It was maintained and sustained on the ground through the Local Technical Working Groups on the Cessation of Hostilities. These bodies operate in the provinces of Aklan, Antique, Iloilo, Negros Occidental and Negros Oriental.In March 2010, the JEMC with the Tabara-Paduano Group adopted a Strategic Action Plan which defines the concrete activities and all deliverables on all components of the Peace Agreement to include the provision on policy reform and the disposition of arms and forces.
Links OPPAP: http://opapp.gov.ph/peace-tracks-rpm-rpa-abb